Contributions to sustainable socio-economic, ecological and institutional development associated with a project and which go beyond the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Co-benefits are mostly reflected in the respective sector policy and can be obtained at a regional or local level (e.g. increase in income, social security, reduction of airborne pollutants). Sustainable development co-benefits are considered a key element to create country ownership and a driver for transformational change. They thus can have an important impact on the long-term sustainability of a project.
People or organisations that actively participate in the project or are directly affected by the project in a positive or negative way. They could be actively involved in the project as intermediary organisations in the implementation (e.g. micro finance institutions or associations) or passively associated rather as a recipient (benefitting from capacity development or being targeted for harm reduction purposes). Stakeholders are different from the targeted beneficiaries of a project.